Minimize risks for an outdoor cat

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Cats venture out of the house for stimulation. It goes out when it feels that the time is good for a spot of exercise. The animal also goes out to satisfy its ancient call to hunt. This need is so strong to the cat that it will go out even if it well-fed. The brain stimulation is an added bonus. The excitement keeps both its brain and its body in excellent working order.

Vulnerable animal

Cats love to be both social and territorial. It wants to defend its resources from other cats loitering in the neighborhood. This competition is important to satisfy the cat’s psychological health. As an owner, it helps to play with your kitty on a regular basis. You take a risk when you allow it to venture outside the home on its own. The animal is vulnerable to the many outdoor dangers like dogs and other cats. Humans may pose a danger too.

Majority of the cats which venture outside gets killed by road traffic injuries. This is particularly dreadful for cats living in the inner city areas or living beside the main road. Poisoning is another cause of death. These could be due to consumption of chemical-laden garden fruits or used in the garden. Other causes of death include disease. These are transmitted to your cat when it comes to contact with other cats. The list of cat infections include cat flu, immunodeficiency virus or the enteritis viruses.

Fleas along with other parasites could infect your dog from other dogs and also from the environment. A loss could be yet another reason for heartbreak. A nightmare for your cat is being caught inside vans and cars. They could even shift to a new owner. A timid cat could find the outdoors to be extremely stressful and prefer being inside.

Benefits

A number of benefits could be had when you allow your cat to roam out of the house. It helps in controlling rodents around the home. They also enjoy a regular exercise regimen when they go out. The cats could be overweight if they do not do so. The venture outside also serves as an outlet for a number of behavioral requirements. Since the cat is less stressed, the welfare also gets improved. There is an added bonus for outdoor cats. These felines have fewer chance to develop any kind of behavioral problems like urination everywhere in the house and clawing items of furniture. A frustrated cat stalks its humor. To minimize such risks, allow your kitty to venture out during the day and shut it inside the house for safety. Attach a fluorescent collar. The feline will be seen then than on. Encourage the cat to come in.

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Why Should Companies Consider Creating A “Paw-ternity” Leave For Employees?

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A rising number of employers have introduced special benefits like “paw-ternity leave” to benefit those having pets. If your company is thinking of providing such a scheme, then it is a good idea to check with lawyers prior to proceeding in such a direction. These leaves are mostly offered by companies operating in the digital space. The standard time-off is two weeks maximum. The pet can be any species-dogs, cats, or any other. The same companies allow their employees to bring their pets to the workplace. If any employee wishes to extend their break, they are allowed to work from home.

Attract and retain talent

The principal reason for companies to allow paw-ternity leave is to attract and retain employees. Industry veterans warn before jumping into the bandwagon. It should consider whether it will give the employee paid time off or an unpaid one. The events qualifying for leaves must also be narrowed down to a list. These could be the adoption of new pets and taking the pet to the veterinarian when it is sick. There could be bereavement times when a loved pet dies. Lawyers warn about putting some pets as more valuable than others. Just because someone as a pet python does not mean that person loves that snake less than a dog owner loves his or her canine.

Whatever the leave, there should be limits on the length of time taken on it. Most companies have bypassed the leave related complications through the adoption of “bucket leave” policy. This is inclusive of all paid offs. The concerned employee could then utilize the said time for any chosen purpose, including the care of a pet.

Concerns

When it comes to bringing pets to work, two issues are at stake: allergy towards pets and the liability. To verify the liability issues, it is a good idea to check with the insurance broker. In the case of medical issues like phobias of other employees towards certain pets, the affected employees could discuss their problems with the HR department. The employer could be required to provide accommodation if the number of anti-pet employees or too many employees having pet allergies is present.

A number of companies allow their employees paid time off to rescue animals or adopt them. These businesses are okay with their employees having exotic pets. According to many such exotic pet owners, the initial days for the pet in their new home could be crucial. For a pet, moving from familiar surroundings to new ones could be an extremely stressful affair. It helps if its owners are present with it during the first few days to help with the transition. Pet bereavement leaves are a given as most people understand how painful it could be to lose a pet.

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Signs of dehydration in dogs

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Dehydration is common in dogs. This happens when the canine does not drink water in sufficient quantities and when he does not get the necessary electrolytes for sustenance. A few dogs get this condition as they lose excessive amounts of fluid. If your dog suffers from dehydration, then it could die if you leave it untreated.

Causes

All dogs are susceptible to dehydration. This happens if they either do not get access to sufficient quantities of water or do not drink an optimum amount. A dog not drinking water means it suffers from a fever or a heat-stroke. The dog may also feel lethargic or nauseous and unable to drink the required amount of water. Your dog can also lose water if it frequently passes urine and more than the usual volume. This happens when the canine suffers from diabetes and other internal problems like kidney failure. Although many dogs drink more when they suffer from these conditions, the rate of loss is more than the water gain rate. It is important you take your dog to the veterinarian if there is a change in its water drinking habits.

Symptoms and treatment

A dog will show multiple dehydration symptoms like sunken eyes, lethargy, body collapse, dry gums, and weakness. The elasticity of the skin will also go away. If you are in doubt as to whether your dog drinks sufficient quantities of water, use your forefinger and thumb to pinch a small amount of skin on the head of your pet or on its back. A dry skin will have difficulty bouncing back or it may not bounce back at all.

The condition “skin tent” happens when the skin loses elasticity. Obese or emaciated animals suffered from a skin tent in its milder form. The condition is hard to examine in older animals as the skin is covered by a hair coat. Some dog breeds come with excessive folds in the skin.

If you believe that your dog is dehydrated, then the veterinarian will do a complete body examination of the dog. The reason for this checkup is to understand the severity of the dehydration and to identify potential reasons for this symptom. A few reasons could be obvious like a heat stroke or an upset tummy. Most reasons, of course, may not be detected by a simple exam. The veterinarian will recommend a few tests like ultrasound scans and X-rays.

Place your dog on a drip to counter the effects of dehydration. The outgoing fluids will be easily replaced. Further dehydration will be stopped, The veterinarian may administer the fluid below the dog’s skin to get a camel-like hump. The fluid will then get absorbed within a few hours. Oral rehydration can be possible if your dog has the ability to drink.

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The cat breeds that get along well with dogs

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The unending altercations between Tom and Spike in our favorite Tom and Jerry cartoons taught us of an insurmountable cat-dog hostility. That is why those super cute photos on the internet with cats and dogs posing together always confused us. Were they Photoshopped images? Why else is Fido looking so beatific in the presence of his sworn enemy? Why aren’t they fighting tooth and nail instead as you feared?

Surprise, surprise! As it turns out, things don’t have to be as gory as you imagined! There are certain cat breeds that actually bond well with dogs! An avid pet lover has no more cause for worry. Bring home these dog-friendly kittens that both you and Fido will fall in love with. Enjoy the best of both worlds!

  1. Abyssinian cats
    Curious as a cat, playful as a dog – that’s an Abyssinian for you. These lively cats can happily get along with any other pet, all the better if it is a dog!
  2. American shorthair cats
    A calm and docile cat, American shorthair is also quite confident and intelligent. They get along well with just about anyone, including pooches, once a trusting relationship has been founded.
  3. Birman cats
    Though quiet and gentle with fur like silk, these felines can also be quite playful. They can even enjoy a game of fetch along with their doggie partners!
  4. Bombay cats
    Affectionate and warm, these cats can bond well not only with humans, but dogs as well. These dog-like felines form deep and long lasting attachments with their adopted family.
  5. Japanese bobtail cats
    These water-loving cats with a bunny-like tail are active and playful. They can even be trained to go for walks in the park along with the canine members of the family!
  6. Maine coon cats
    Are they tiny dogs or overgrown cats? It is hard to believe that the Maine coons belong to the cat family! They display certain dog-like traits such as lovingly tailing their owners around the house and showing an unusual interest in playing games with them!
  7. Norwegian forest cats
    These large and athletic cats are quite capable of holding their own. Once they “negotiate” and establish boundaries with the family dogs, they can easily get along together like a house on fire!
  8. Ragdoll cats
    Ragdoll cats are extremely gentle and fun to watch as they goof around the house. Their sweet temperament endears them to humans and dogs alike!
  9. Siberian cats
    Though they may have that serious cat-face, Siberian cats are very playful and exuberant. These naughty little fur balls can even co-opt your usually well-behaved dogs into their mischievous plans which will leave you in splits!
  10. Tonkinese cats
    These blue-eyed beauties are both loving and playful; a perfect companion for Fido when he wants to play fetch!

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Here are a Few Tips to Follow While Adopting a Kitten

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Kittens are really adorable. They are cute, clumsy, and a little crazy. They have to go through several stages until they learn how to become a feline. In most cases, their mothers are responsible for teaching them the dos and don’ts of cat culture. But sometimes when that’s not possible, we have to take it upon ourselves.

Adopting a brand new kitten can seem like a really fun idea. But there are things you should know about raising them right so they can grow into the regally beautiful creatures that they were always meant to be. Raising a kitten can be likened to raising a human baby. Simply out, it’s not easy. Similar to humans, if you give cats the right training and care while they’re young, it could help them to grow into well mannered, healthy adults. Here are a few tips you should always keep in mind.

  1. Never treat a kitten like a full-grown cat.
    You will never care for a human baby the same way in which you care for a teenager. Similarly, kittens have a different set of needs in comparison to adult cats. You should always consider your kitten’s different development stages when you care for her.
  2. Make room for her in your life.
    While adult cats are known for their ability to basically take care of and look after themselves, a kitten needs a lot of care and attention. Make sure your schedule is not so busy that you won’t be able to give her the attention and care she needs to grow into a healthy adult. Do your research on cat breeds. If you are someone who leads a very busy lifestyle, rather opt for the more low-maintenance cats than the highly active and intelligent cats. If you neglect these wonderful creatures, they’ll grow bored and end up suffering from depression.
  3. Reward her good behaviors.
    The way in which you socialize with your kitty while she’s young will go on to impact how she socializes with other people when she grows older. Shape her well. Spend some quality time playing with her. This will stimulate her mind and engage her physically. It will also strengthen the bond you share with her. Avoid social situations which are too loud or crowded. While it’s important to teach her to socialize, overwhelming her will only make her wary of all social situations in general. Be careful how you play your cards.

Cats are generally well-mannered and intelligent beauties. Once you teach her the basics of catting, she will start picking up things on her own. Everything she learns as a kitten stays with her throughout her life.

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The Dog Breeds That Are More Prone to Dental Diseases

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No matter the breed, we all love our dogs. But some dogs are more prone to dental diseases than others. It’s important to make sure that you’re able to provide the proper care that these dogs need before you go ahead and adopt one. If you already have one of these dogs, then knowing about this can help prepare you. It could even help minimize the damage or prevent it altogether.

  1. Pug
    Pugs are adorable little creatures known for their squished in faces. However adorable they are, the same trait that we love so much also puts them at a higher risk of dental diseases. They have really small jaws. These jaws still have to accommodate all their teeth but that’s a struggle. So instead, they experience crowding. Other breeds who have this same problem are Boston Terriers, English Bulldogs, Brussels Griffons, and Shih Tzus. Crowding can cause gingivitis, plaque build-up, tooth loss, and periodontal disease.
  2. Yorkshire Terrier
    Yorkies can suffer from numerous conditions affecting the teeth. They tend to retain their baby teeth, they have genetic predispositions to dental issues, and they have a lot of fur which can easily get caught in their mouths. A combination of all these conditions can eventually lead to plaque buildup, foul breath, and tooth decay. Make sure you look after your Yorkie’s teeth.
  3. Shelties
    Shelties have a long and slender muzzle. This can lead to a lot of dental issues. They often suffer from overbites or underbites, they could develop outward pointing incisors, which can then cause gum pain, they could have teeth that grow sideways also known as Lance canines, and some of their teeth may never even develop or sometimes fall out early.
  4. Chihuahuas
    Chihuahuas have small muzzles and tiny teeth which causes them to have dental issues. Yet another toy breed that faces dental issues because of their retained baby teeth and dental crowding.
  5. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels
    These dogs face pretty much the same issues as Yorkies, another toy breed. They could also suffer from tartar buildup, early tooth decay, gingivitis, and tooth loss.
  6. Greyhounds
    Greyhounds and their cousins the Italian greyhounds and the Whippets are at risk of developing early-onset periodontal disease. They are also at risk of several conditions affecting the tooth enamel. This often leads to painful infections, tooth loss, and root exposure.
  7. Dachshunds
    These dogs have muzzles similar to that of shelties. They also have tiny jaws and teeth similar to Chihuahuas. The result of this dangerous combination is a higher risk for periodontal disease, halitosis, and gingivitis.
  8. Maltese
    These adorable toy breeds are major late bloomers. Their baby teeth take much longer to come out and even longer to fall out. They tend to suffer from tartar and plaque buildup, as well as crowding.

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What Are The Visible Signs Of Aging In Cats?

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The lifestyles of young and old people are completely different and the same happens across species. Pet owners know that when their pets become older, their needs change and so they adjust accordingly. But if you’re a new pet owner then you must be prepared for the subtle signs that indicate aging in a pet.

If you have a pet cat, then here are a few that you need to watch out for.

  1. Motility and activity
    One of the most prominent signs in aging cats is the decrease in motility and activity. Cats, amongst other pets, are the most curious ones, often poking their heads into unknown territories. But as they age, their curiosity dwindles sometimes even to the point where even a moving object in front of them does not raise their eyebrows.
  2. Appetite
    As your cat grows, your expenses towards cat food will also increase till the point where it becomes stagnant and starts decreasing. This is one of the best indications that your cat is aging. However, if such a thing happens when your cat is still young then it may be an indication of ill health.
  3. Nail, coat and skin characteristics
    In humans, wrinkling of skin and graying of hair is a clear sign of aging. The same holds true for cats and other animals. The hair almost always thins and the coat color changes in time. Plus, the luster disappears as the skin becomes brittle and thins down. Even the nails become soft and older cats lose the strength in their paws. Another sign is the weakening of teeth and gums. Which is why, aging cats have a hard time with food that are hard to chew.
  4. More sleep
    Older cats tend to sleep more than younger ones. However, it can be an extremely subtle change as pets, cats in general, love sleeping when they’re not snooping around. With age, the fatigu and tiredness automatically sets in and aging cats prefer spending most of their times resting and sleeping.
  5. Behavioral changes
    Behavior varies from person to person and it is therefore very hard to notice them especially in cats. But after you’ve spent a certain amount of time with your cat, you’ll know the small behaviors in your cat. Maybe he likes a particular toy but after a time is not attracted to it anymore. Or maybe he likes to go somewhere but now he doesn’t anymore. These are the small changes that you need to observe.

Conclusion

The signs of aging in cats are no different than what they are in humans. Changes in diet, physical appearance, sleep patterns, health, activity, behavior, are all indications of old age.

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It May Not Be Safe For Your Cat To Drink Milk – Here’s Why

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While many of us believe that milk is every cat’s favorite, this may not be the case. Those cute pictures of cute kittens lapping up a bowl of milk may not be applicable to every cat. Why? Because as it turns out, cats cannot digest milk properly without getting sick, and some cats have it worse, as they are lactose intolerant.

The standard cow milk that we drink has way too much lactose – often too much for cats to be able to digest. To some degree, most adult mammals are all lactose intolerant, including our feline friends. The body produces an enzyme called “lactase” that can help digest the lactose that is ingested. But after weaning, which is when breast-feeding stops and food from other sources is ingested, the amount of these lactase enzymes reduces, making it difficult to digest lactose.

All these mean that cat’s bodies are biologically not equipped to be able to handle any kind of lactose. Lactose is basically sugar, and since undigested sugar attracts water in the intestine, it leads to diarrhea. Your cat may even experience flatulence and bloating as undigested sugar also gets fermented in the stomach.

Is milk nutritious for cats?

Even though milk may be healthy for humans, for cats, it does not provide any nutrition that cannot be gained from a commercial diet that is well-balanced. Milk is pretty rich in calories. A cup of whole milk contains about 149 calories, while a cup of skim milk contains around 83 calories.

So, it’s much healthier if you occasionally feed your cat some milk, instead of including it in their everyday diet. It is recommended that cats are fed just 20 to 30 calories every day apart from their usual commercial diet. This may include commercial treats or human foods which are safe for them.
If your cat takes in too much of these foods, essential nutrients from its main diet, which it needs to grow and develop can be diluted out. If it becomes a habit, it can even lead to obesity – a huge problem that pet owners and vets face today.

Will drinking milk reduce my cat’s water intake?

If you are a cat owner, you may have noticed that your pet tends to avoid water – whether it’s for a bath or for drinking. This is because unlike dogs, cats do not have the natural instinct to balance their water level, making it quite the task to get them to stay hydrated.

As a solution, vets recommend that you feed them supplemented milk or wet food as an attempt to get them to drink. For this, cows’ milk that is lactose reduced is a good option as it is almost 89 percent water. Even if you feed your cat this, always make sure there is a fresh bowl of water that is easily accessible.

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The Genetic Anomalies That Can Be Seen In Cats

Dogs, when compared to cats, have a range of genetic variation, resulting in different colors, sizes, and shapes. In the case of cats, as there isn’t much genetic variation, genetic anomalies stand out quite easily. Pet owners and veterinarians have seen all types of genetic anomalies in cats. Here are four genetic anomalies that are common in cats:

  1. Albinism, Spots, And Vitiligo 

    Just like human beings, even cats can suffer from vitiligo, where their lose their skin pigmentation. In the case of cats with vitiligo, their fur will have white spots. However, this genetic anomaly won’t hurt them at all.There are cases where cats come in different colors due to spots. For example, if a cat that is predominantly white has black eyelids and dark gold or green eyes, then it is not a white feline but a black cat that has an enormous white spot.

    Sometimes cats can also suffer from albinism. For example, if a white feline has extremely pale blue eyes, then it is an albino, not a white cat.

  2. Dwarfism 

    When cats have this condition, they become a feline version of Corgis. They have short legs and look cute at the same time. While dwarfism looks harmless, it can have an impact on overall health of felines. Dwarfism decreases their ability to climb, jump, and run. As a result of this, these cats are more vulnerable to health problems such as arthritis.

  3. Male Tortoiseshell cats 

    Cats that have black and orange coloring on their fur are known as male tortoiseshells. The X chromosomes in cats can carry only one color, which is black or orange. However, when male cats have black and orange fur, it means that they have genetic anomalies. In general, male cats have XY chromosomes. On the other hand, male tortoiseshells have XXY chromosomes, which are genetic anomalies. While there isn’t any health problem associated with this genetic anomaly, it makes male tortoiseshell cats sterile.

  4. Polydactyly 

    Polydactyly is a common genetic anomaly found in felines all around the world. When cats have this condition, they will have extra toes. In most cases, the front paws of cats will have extra toes. However, it isn’t necessary that they will have only an extra pair of toes. There have been recorded cases where cats have a complete set of toes. As polydactyly is a dominant trait, it can be passed on to the offspring. Sometimes, the extra set of toes are not attached to the bodies of felines. As a result of this, it is possible for their claw to get stuck and hurt them.

These are the four common genetic anomalies that are visible in cats. If you have any queries regarding this subject, leave a comment below!

 

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The Dog Breeds That Don’t Like Water

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Certain breeds of dogs such as Golden Retrievers and Labrador love getting wet. The moment they see a kiddie pool, lake, sea, or any water body, they don’t think twice about jumping in. While this may sound surprising to you, there are breeds of dogs that don’t like water at all. These canines prefer to soak in the sun rather than get wet. Certain breeds of dogs such as Golden Retrievers and Labrador love getting wet. The moment they see a kiddie pool, lake, sea, or any water body, they don’t think twice about jumping in. While this may sound surprising to you, there are breeds of dogs that don’t like water at all. These canines prefer to soak in the sun rather than get wet.

Here are seven dog breeds that dislike water:

  1. Boxers
    According to the American Boxer Club, these canines are not known to be good at swimming. Due to their deep chest and lack of tail, they don’t have the build to swim, unlike other canine breeds. On the other hand, you can teach them how to swim if you are willing to put in the effort (treats and time).
  2. Basset Hound
    Basset Hounds are not natural swimmers because of their short legs and stocky and long bodies. When they are in water, the back part of their body starts to sink while the front half floats. As a result of this, Basset Hounds are in an inefficient and uncomfortable vertical position.
  3. Dachshund
    Dachshunds find it quite hard to swim because of their short legs and long bodies. Due to this body structure, they have to put in extra effort to stay afloat and swim. If you put a Dachshund in water, it won’t be comfortable because its feet can’t touch the ground. However, with patience, you can teach Dachshunds to like water.
  4. Hairless Chinese Crested
    As these breed of canines lack hair for insulation, they are extremely sensitive to colder temperatures. It is easy for them to feel cold when they are in water. On top of that as canines have a higher body temperature, Hairless Chinese Crested will feel cold faster than normal.
  5. Maltese
    Maltese are another breed of dogs that don’t like getting into water bodies. When they become older, their tracheas weaken. As a result of this, it is much harder for them to breathe in old age. Swimming is a strenuous activity, making it hard for Maltese. Bathing them is the only way to get them near water.
  6. Greyhound
    Although Greyhounds are the fastest breed of canines in the world, they can’t use that ability when they are in water. They loose balance when they are in water, making it harder for them to swim. At the same time, their lanky, skinny, and long legs make it harder to swim and stay afloat.
  7. Pomeranian
    When it comes to activities that require high levels of agility, Pomeranians are excellent. However, it is a completely different story when you put them in water. Due to their short legs, they find it hard to swim.

These are the dog breeds that don’t like water. If you have any questions regarding this topic, feel free to leave a comment below!

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