Weaning kittens

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Weaning means transitioning your kitten from its mother’s milk to solid food. This is a vital component of a cat’s development. It must be done at the correct time and in the correct way. In standard circumstances, the mother cat, or queen will handle the weaning by her own. Complications arise when the queen suffers trouble in the production of milk. Weaning is also done when a litter of kittens suddenly get orphaned. If you see a kitty without its mother, then it is time to step in.

Importance of colostrum

All kittens should be exposed to their mother’s milk, especially during the initial 24 hours of its life. The colostrum, or first milk, has a number of antibodies which only the kitten can take advantage of. This is true even if the queen has a huge critter and not able to generate sufficient milk for all of her babies. The kitten should get a little of the colostrum. Any colostrum is better than nothing at all. If the mother is unable to generate any milk due to issues like mastitis, another cat may accept the kittens if the size of the kittens is nearer to her own.

Substitute formula

In case nursing cats are not available, it is possible to give a kitten a milk substitute formula with a syringe or a nursing bottle. If there is an emergency, veterinarians recommend that you mix a cup containing whole milk, egg yolk, liquid multi-vitamin drop, and three tums into a blender. This is, however, strictly a temporary measure. The objective is that the kittens must get nutrition. It is essential for you to give the kittens switching to the formula as quickly as possible. The kittens should be fed out of the bottle for a total of about four weeks. It is essential that you always warm that bottle in hot water cup. Before you give the concoction to your dog, pour a little for yourself, and take the rest. You must always check whether the temperature of the bottle is correct or not. In case you are presently using a powder formula, it is possible to store unmarked powder inside the freezer. Feed the kitten frequently and slowly. Even if you fall asleep, the kittens will wake you up.

The weaning period for kittens starts at approximately four weeks after giving birth. If the kitten is an orphan, you can begin before, between three and four weeks of age. The kittens are thought to be ready if it chews. The time between the fourth weeks and the sixth weeks transition the kitten into ordering dry food, and the arrangement can be supplemented with all the formulas present in these disagree.

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Smallest Cat Breeds

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All cats are beautiful, and kittens have that unbeatable cute appeal. Adult cats have an appeal and grace which can never be found in the younger stages of the cat. Many cat owners, however, love the kitten stage in their cat’s life and wished that their kitties could remain kittens and not grow up! Smaller cat breeds are ideal for such owners. These breed of cats are naturally smaller than the standard feline.

The Singapura

It is regarded as one of the smallest cat breeds in the world. Most of the cats of the Singapura breed are half in size of that of an average cat. This animal has a delicate and petite body with big eyes and long ears. These are playful and active. This breed of cats loves to climb. The Singapura breed is genetically related to the Abyssinian cat. This breed was first established in Japan. They were American cats imported into Singapore, where the breed made its first appearance.

The Munchkin

The body of the Munchkin is only a little smaller than the average cat. This breed of cat has distinctive short legs. It is a modern comparative breed with the animals getting established only during the 1980s. They are active and playful. Do not mistake their short legs for sedentary habits! These cats love to have fun. They can both jump and run similar to an average cat, but their jumping distance is much less due to shorter legs. The short legs of the Munchkin happened due to a genetic mutation.

The Cornish Rex

This breed of small cat is one of two breeds having an unusual coat. The cats are playful and petite with a kitten like an appearance. The coat fur is wavy and soft and referred to as down-hair in certain circles. The ears and the face look like a Siamese cat, and they share similar Siamese traits like intelligence and talkativeness. These cats bond with their owners.

The Devon Rex

The origination place of this breed is near to the Cornish Rex but the two breeds, even though they share several similarities, are much different from one another. This breed of cats are intelligent and have a big personality. You can also teach it tricks similar to dogs. The ears are like a bat, and the bodies are small and slender. Cats have a curly or wavy haired coat, but it is different from a Cornish Rex due to a different genetic structure. The whiskers are short, and also curly in appearance.

The American Curl is yet another small cat which has a visual appeal. The proportion and size of these cats make them appealing. The signature curling ears give this breed their name.

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Selecting a Cat Collar

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It is hard to put the collar on some cats. It is particularly hard to put a collar on adults or kittens to which a collar is an alien, new object. The process of putting a collar on to your cat may take some time and a little patience from your side, but do not allow the experience to deter you. It is vital that your cat wears a collar and an ID tag as the two will be your kitty’s ticket home if the animal mistakenly wanders off. Even if your cat is an indoor animal, it must wear a collar. This is as if your cat gets out, passersby may take the kitty to a shelter. A cat with an ID tag and collar quickly comes home.

Wearing a collar

Do note that the cat could scratch at its collar at first as the animal regards it as an unwelcome foreign object. The animal, over time, will accept it. Try giving your kitty a tasty treat when you put the collar on its neck. You can also distract it with a climbing post or catnip. If you are fortunate, the cat may even forget the presence of the collar. Whatever you do, the collar must be fixed to the cat.

It is important to know collars do not expand as your kitty grows-and they grow fast. If the collars are not checked and loosened, they can cause extreme pain to your cat. It is your responsibility to check the looseness of the collar once every week until the kitty has reached adulthood. The collar must be checked properly to ensure that it fits and is fully secured. The thumb rule is that you can slip two fingers between the cat’s neck and the collar. Conversely, cat collars lose their elasticity with time. The adult cat may also lose weight. The collar may slip off the neck in such conditions.

Breakaway and micro-chipping

It is a good idea to go for a “break-away” collar for added safety. These collars easily open if it mistakenly latches on to something. This device will prevent the collar mechanism from mistakenly strangling the animal. Another excellent method of keeping the cat safe is micro-chipping. These make a superb way to identify an animal which will stay with the pet permanently. A microchip can be described as a small capsule which gets injected under the skin of the animal between its shoulder blades. Every chip is fitted with a unique ID which can be read by scanners and then matched with the owner information in the comprehensive database. In case you microchip the cat, it is essential to update the contact information database.

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Keeping Your Dog from Jumping the Fence

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You own a house and a dog. You have put up the fence to keep the dog inside your property. The problem is that your thinks of the fence as an opportunity to jump and get to the other side. If your dog does not jump, it tries to dig under the fence. Many dogs can even climb fences. As a dog owner, it is vital that the animal is kept inside the premises.

Like humans, a dog can employ tools if it wants to do something. Your dog continually searches for tools to overcome the fence. You must take away everything which the dog may want. Canines are known to use garbage cans as a stepping stone to jump over the fence. The same goes for a pile or any goods stacked together. Dogs also use low hanging tree branches to escape. To stop such a possibility, walk around your garden and look at every object there from your dog’s point of view. Once you do that, it will be easy for you to remove all climbing aids.

Limit the dog’s view

Your dog may love to escape as it gets an excellent view of something the animal finds interesting. Dogs try to escape more if they find other dogs or school children outside the fence. If it does not see the outside, chances of the animal trying to escape are much reduced. Restricting your dog’s view of what is outside your property depends on the kind of existing fencing. Reed fencing is comparatively cheaper and comes in rolls. Attach to the existing fence to cut visibility. Many dog owners plant fast growing shrubs to block the outside view. It looks pretty but has one existing problem: dogs can clumb this shrubbery to escape.

The biggest problem is those dogs which dig tunnels. These canines are generally more persistent than the climbers. If you fill one hole, the animal will create another. It is thus an unending hard work to keep the dog from digging a tunnel. The solution is to make an L footer along the fence base. Take any roll of a heavy garden fence or even hardware cloth.  Unroll what you have got alongside the fence. Bend the fence so that one foot gets attached to the fence and remainder lie flat om ground at the fence base extending to the yard. The L-fence name describes the fencing’s L-shape once it gets shaped. The L base is staked to the ground and covered with rocks, gravel, and dirt. Allow the grass to grow over this area. Do not mow the grass in this area. Adopt other means to cut it.

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How to protect backyard birds from your cat

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Domestic cats kill a large number of wild birds, with fatalities in the millions. You can take a few precautions to ensure that your cat does not kill any bird, be it a migrating one or which is owned by your neighbor. You can adopt many methods to achieve this aim. The risk of birds can easily be minimized.

Dealing with the cat

It is impossible to tame the hunting spirit of any cat, including the gentlest animal. This is as the hunt is genetically implanted in your kitty. A few training techniques, however, can be useful to curb such behavior. This is easier than what most people think.

The first and most obvious method is to keep the cat inside the house at all times. If the kitty goes outside, it must be a supervised excursion. Do not permit the cat to go out early in the morning or during bird feeding times. If your cat wants to go outside all the time, create a cat patio. The cat patio or “catios” are an arrangement which permits kitties to go outside at no risk to the birds. If your cat catches any bird, including an unwanted one, do not praise or reward the feline. Any kind of positive reinforcement would encourage your kitty to attack wild birds and felines not discriminate between native species and foreign species.

The claws of the cat must be trimmed to make it difficult for the animal to catch wild birds or climb trees. It is not recommended nor necessary to declaw. Trimming the claws will reduce the effectiveness of the cat’s most dangerous weapon. The front paws must be particularly trimmed. It is an excellent idea to collar bell your kitty. The tinkling will alert the birds of an incoming predator. In a similar vein, putting patterned collars or bright collars on cats will alert the bird’s attention as your kitty silently goes in for the attack.


Do not give food to feral cats. Their instinct is hunting, and a well-fed stray cat has more energy to hunt. If you see a feral cat, then capture it, put the animal into a cage and take it to the local animal shelter. Do neuter or spay your pet cat to prevent a rise of the pet population. Uncontrolled births add to the stray cat population. If any cat has kittens, then make sure that all kittens get adopted by responsible families who will take the time and the effort yo neuter or spay their young family members. Keep the bird baths and bird feeders a minimum of five feet distant from cover or shrubbery which may conceal stalking predators.

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German Shepherd health problems

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German Shepherds are wonderful dogs, but unfortunately for their owners, these dogs frequently suffer from a number of health problems. The common list of ailments includes a sensitive stomach and digestive issues. These could range from the mild to the fatal. It is thus extremely important to keep a close eye on the health of the dog and also its bowel movements. With proper care and attention, you can keep the stomach issues of your German Shepherd dog in check. This will make the dog happy, and you do not have to clean up the messes left behind by the dog.


Diarrhea is a common problem in German Shepherds, This condition has multiple causes, but most commonly as a result of a parasite or food intolerance. If the dog suffers diarrhea on a regular basis, then, as an owner, your first step is to check for parasites. The veterinarian can assist you on this matter.  In-case no parasites are detected, then the cause could be the animal reacting in a negative way to food. The list of foods which may affect your dog is long. Milk, grains, fats, and heavy fiber all contribute to this condition. It is possible you have to do a little trial and error to locate the problem with your dog. A number of behavioral factors like anxiety and overeating may also cause diarrhea in your dog. Ensure that you are not overfeeding the canine. Sensitive stomachs are almost a hallmark of German Shepherds and this breed of dogs are susceptible to diarrhea. Do not allow the dog to do any serious exercise to post its meal.

Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis and ulcer

German Shepherds are vulnerable to Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis. The condition is the inflammation of the intestines of the dog. The stomach may also get inflamed. The sign of this particular disorder could be chronic diarrhea. The list of other symptoms includes vomiting, loss of weight, and a lack of appetite. The veterinarian could be able to diagnose this problem using the dog’s stool sample. The eosinophilic gastroenteritis can be treated by the use of steroids or any other medication which line the dog’s digestive tract. The inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract causes almost the same symptoms. Take your dog to the veterinarian. This breed of dogs are also susceptible to ulcers. This may occur along with a number of other digestive problems as a result of medication given for other issues. One potent example is the pain medication given for hip dysplasia. An ulcer is a sore which happens when there is a break in the intestine or stomach lining. The condition may cause your dog’s a lot of pain. There can also be appetite loss, vomiting, and weight loss. The dog may also suffer from anemia.

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Communicating with a deaf dog

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If you have a deaf dog, then you have a hard time communicating with the animal. The dog watches your body movements and responds to that alone. If your dog does not respond to your auditory commands, take it to the veterinarian. Do note that if you abandon your deaf canine, it could be euthanized.

Other senses grow

A deaf dog’s other senses are correspondingly amplified to compensate for lack of hearing. The animal’s peripheral vision and sense of smell gets heightened. Body language becomes one of the key communicators. Deaf dogs keenly observe the body language of others. Normal dog training will not work as this kind of training use verbal cues. For a deaf dog, verbal techniques will obviously not work. These dogs need specialized training. Verbal training is not an option for deaf dogs. Communication between the deaf dog and you should stress on visual senses. It is important that you must be deliberate with body, hand, and face elements. The verbal maker and the auditory one are quite similar. The training shift is not that much of a change. It can be quite easy after both you and your dog gets accustomed to it.


In deaf dogs, “hand-flash” is a visual marker. The hand flash begins as a fist with all fingers together and then the fish opens into a palm hand and the fingers all straight. Then the fist comes back on. Similar to any marker, there is also a constant reinforces so that gets converted into a conditioned reinforces.

Your dog must know that hand flash means it will get good things. The marker must reinforce something good. A treat should always follow the hand flash. The next step is to make the dog do something which you like. To give an example, reinforce your dog sitting when you told it to by a visual hand flash. This must be done multiple times to make sure your canine knows you are happy when you see it sitting down.

It is harder to get the attention of a deaf dog as you cannot call out to it. It is thus imperative to cultivate a “check-in” behavior. You should reinforce your dog’s behavior of looking at you periodically. Vibrations are an excellent way to get a deaf animal’s attention. Do wave your arms when your dog looks at you. Another way to get your dog’s attention is to switch the house lights on and off during the night and the evening time. If you use a torch, do not shine the light directly on to the animal’s eyes. A laser pointer is not suitable for such tasks. Use the flashlight as a visual clicker and judiciously use the marker.

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Do Dogs Need Prescription Glasses

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The short answer is yes; dogs need glasses. You do not know about it as canines do not read newspapers or drive cars. Eyesight problems in dogs are different from eyesight problems in people. In some cases,  wearing glasses may not help the dog.

You have a doubt as to whether your dog suffers from eye problems. There is a pressing need to confirm if indeed it is so. Unlike humans, who have to read an eye chart, dogs cannot read and communicate in human language. There are many symptoms which tell the dog’s eyesight acuity. The list of such symptoms includes the animal dragging behind you when you walk and refuses to move if the animal founds itself in unfamiliar surroundings. The dog will also snap back if someone surprises it by touching. The canine will bump into objects in its path, and the eyes have big dilated pupils who do not get smaller when exposed to bright light. The dog also gets startled easily.

Many dog owners buy their canines doggy sunglasses; this is as the UV exposure will harm the eyes of the dog just as it will do to a human.

Correcting your dog’s eyesight

Identification of the root cause is key to correcting the eyesight of your dog. Do visit a good veterinarian and avail of the treatments. It can help to slow the deterioration and preserve the existing eyesight. Glaucoma is quite common in dogs. This is the pressure increase inside the eyeball. The retina gets compressed, leading to damage, and the vision is consequently impaired. Cataracts make the lens cloudy so that light is unable to reach light-sensitive layers of the eye.

Many dogs suffering from hereditary diseases suffer retinopathy. This leads to the death of the retina, the vital light-sensitive layer. The incidence of hypertension results in the retina to lift away from the eye back. This results in blindness. As a dog owner, you should be alert if your dog changes its habits. An increase in thirst is a common occurrence of a dog slowly getting blind. Take the dog to the veterinarian. The medical professional can identify a number of underlying problems like Cushing’s disease or diabetes, affecting the eyesight. Other than testing the eyesight of the dog, veterinary ophthalmological specialists employ a similar method used in human children when they are too young to converse. The eyesight of dogs is different than that of humans with canines at higher risk of suffering from degenerative conditions of cataracts, retina, or glaucoma. Another noticeable difference is that the dogs can well adjust ton their poor eyesight. The partial loss of vision is compensated by the animal’s acute sense of hearing, smell, and touch.

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