The Dog Breeds That Have the Strongest Bite

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You may have heard of the term bite force and a number of articles talking about the bite force that your pet dog has. Although bite force is a term that is used in relation to dogs, it has been exaggerated for some dog breeds to propagate their aggressiveness and build a certain image around these dog breeds. Here is a list of the dog breeds with the highest recorded bite forces among domesticated dogs:

  • Cane Corso: This mastiff breed has a bite force measuring a staggering 700 psi, which beats the bite force of a lion. This breed has been used as a war dog and is a hardy breed that does not need much maintenance. It makes a great guard dog and should ideally be the only animal in the household or will require extensive socialization to live with other animals.
  • English Mastiff: This gentle but large breed has a bite force measuring 552 psi, which is close to the bite force of a lion. They are very affectionate dogs and love to be around kids and play. They are highly energetic dogs that need constant exercise and activity. They make wonderful watch dogs and are very loyal.
  • Dogo Argentino: This dog has a bite force measuring 500 psi, which is understandable considering this breed was created to hunt big game. It is a very energetic and agile dog that is very easy to maintain. This dog needs to be socialized early on if you plan to have other animals or very young kids around them.
  • German Shepherd: This breed has a bite force of 238 psi, and makes for amazing working dogs. These dogs are easy to train and are extremely obedient and loyal. They are intelligent and sensitive dogs that make very good guide dogs as well. They usually do not like living with other animals but are great with kids. They love to chew and can be destructive if not exercised regularly.

Rottweilers, Doberman Pinschers, boxers, and bulldogs are some other breeds with strong jaws and high bite force numbers. Most of these dogs need pack leader training to ensure they follow orders and are obedient to your orders from early on.

How is bite force measured?

Foe force to be measured correctly, the animal being measured has to be sufficiently aggravated and angry. A device that can measure the bite force is placed on a pole or other object that can take the sudden excessive force, and this is jammed into the mouth of the dog being measured for it to bite down.

Thank to research, you can now predict the bite force for dogs based on certain physical factors—larger bodies, higher weights, and wider skulls and jaws lead to higher bite force numbers.

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Is Mercury Pollution Harming Your Pet?

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Mercury poisoning is a subject that is only discussed when there is a spill or a major research on the topic. However, it pays to know that mercury pollution and toxicity is a real threat, not just to you but to your pets. Increasing air pollution levels, untreated sewage, and close proximity to coal and natural gas mines can all lead to high levels of this heavy metal in the environment around you and your furry friends.

Is mercury poisoning a real threat to pets?

Yes, mercury poisoning and toxicity in pets is more common than you might imagine. A major cause for such poisoning is rising levels of air and water pollution, which in turn pollutes food and water sources for our pets. Also, because of their smaller bodies, pets are affected by and react to mercury exposure and poisoning more adversely than humans.

Symptoms of mercury poisoning

  • Loss of muscle coordination
  • Drowsiness and insomnia
  • Trembling and muscle weakness
  • Itchiness and inflammation of the skin
  • Kidney malfunction and damage

If you notice any of these symptoms in your pets or suspect mercury spills or exposure, it is best to visit your vet and get your pet tested for mercury toxicity.

Effects of mercury poisoning

  • Immune system inhibition: The immune system ensures your pets’ bodies are protected against harmful viruses and other microorganisms that enter the body in various ways. Excessive mercury in the body can suppress natural immune responses, increasing chances of infections and leading to health problems because of lowered immunity.
  • Endocrine gland imbalances: The endocrine system consists of the adrenal glands, the pineal gland, and the thyroid gland. These glands release hormones that need to be maintained at certain specific levels for the body to function normally. Mercury interferes with this system, throwing the hormone balance in the body off and causing a number of problems, including infertility, chronic inflammation, and autoimmune diseases, among other issues.
  • Detoxification failure: High levels of mercury in the body can interfere with the natural detoxification system of your pets’ bodies. The two major organs in the bodies’ detoxification system are kidneys and liver. Mercury interferes with the normal functioning of these organs and reduces their capacity to remove harmful chemicals and waste from the body. You might need to detoxify your pet’s liver in case of mercury exposure.

It is important to take mercury exposure and toxicity seriously as it can lead to a number of health problems and even premature death in your pets if not treated in time. The heavy metal needs to be purged from their system to ensure they recover completely and do not have any lingering effects from the exposure.

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The Cat Breeds for Extroverts that you should Consider Adopting

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As cats are more independent and anti-social when you compare them to dogs, most people believe that felines are only perfect for introverts. Although cats tend to be moody at times, it doesn’t necessarily mean that you should stay away from cats as you are an extrovert. In fact, there are plenty of feline breeds that love getting attention and playing with their owners.

Just like how extroverts get energy from being in social situations, the same applies to certain felines. If you are looking to adopt a feline so that you can share your moments with the perfect partner, here are four cat breeds ideal for extroverts:

Abyssinian
You can take the Abyssinian to a feline beauty contest and go back home with the first prize because of its stunning looks. On top of that, these felines are in the extrovert end of the spectrum as they love being around people. Even if your friends want to interact with an Abyssinian, they will have a ball of a time, thanks to its friendly personality. Also, the more time you spend with this breed, the happier it will be, making it an ideal pet for extroverts.

Burmese
Although the Burmese cat has its roots from Asia, the United States and Britan were responsible for developing this breed. Thanks to their curiosity, these felines will follow you around the house to see what you are doing. As they are fearless and energetic, you will have a great time playing with this cat. If the Burmese cat needs anything from you, it will let you know by being vocal about its thoughts. Also, you won’t have any problems in hugging these feline as it loves to cuddle with its owner.

Ragdoll
If you want a feline that loves to spend as much time as possible, then you should adopt a Ragdoll. Due to their social nature, they ask for a lot of attention from everyone, whether it’s the owner or strangers. Do you know why this breed got the name Ragdoll? When you pick up one of these felines, it will go limp as it wants you to cuddle with it. As there are quite social, they will meet you as soon as you come home, follow you throughout the house, and sleep beside you, when tired.

Siamese
Siamese is one of the most popular breeds all over the world, especially among extroverts, due to their social and affectionate character. They love playing games such as fetch, like dogs. If they need attention from you, they will let know through their vocals. Also, they love being the center of your attention at all times.

These are the four breeds of cats you should consider adopting if you are an extrovert. Do you know other of cats that are social by nature? If yes, then let us know by leaving a comment below!

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Is your Dog Losing Control Over its Bowel? Here could be Possible Reasons

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The only time your dog will leave its feces in your house is when it is a puppy. As your dog conscientious and respects the boundaries of your house, it will never defecate inside your property unless there is something wrong.

Known as bowel incontinence, it is a gastrointestinal problem, making it challenging for your canine to hold its fecal movement. Due to this reason, your dog will leave its feces all over your house by accident. The poop may be solid, water-like, or loose.

Keep in mind that you shouldn’t punish your canine as it didn’t leave its excrement behind on purpose. Also, it won’t solve the problem, while your dog feels horrible at the same time. The best way to deal with this situation is to get to the bottom of the problem. Here are four possible reasons behind bowel incontinence:

  1. Diarrhea
    One of the most common reasons for bowel incontinence is because your dog is experiencing diarrhea. Gastritis, colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, and food poisoning are some of the reasons behind diarrhea. Your canine can get digestive problems due to parvovirus, distemper, pancreatitis, and allergies.At the same time, if your canine has parasites such as intestinal worms, it is another cause for this issue. The best practice is to take your canine to the vet so that he/she can take a look and make the right decision.
  2. Injury to the spinal cord
    Another reason why your dog is unable to control its bowel movement is because, it is suffering from a spinal cord injury. For example, if your dog fell from a great height or it met with an accident, there are high chances your canine’s vertebrae to get dislocated. Also, your dog’s discs may get fractured or ruptured.When your canine gets injured in this area, the nerves surrounding this portion may get damaged, which causes bowel incontinence. If your four-legged friend shows weakness on its back, neck, or legs, it is a sign that its spinal cord is injured.
  3. Old age
    It is quite common for older canines to be vulnerable to bowel incontinence. The reason is that their sphincter muscle becomes weaker, making it harder to control defecation. Over time, your dog will lose complete control, which will result in accidental defecation.What should you do when your dog loses control over its bowel movements?

    The first thing you need to do is take your dog to the vet so that he/she can conduct a complete examination. The vet may also conduct a fecal examination and blood test to get a better understanding of the problem. He/she may also ask for CT scans, MRI, ultrasound, and abdominal x-rays, to find out if there are any abnormalities or obstructions.

Do you have any questions regarding loss of bowel control? Let us know by leaving a comment below!

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Dog Breeds that you can actually Travel with

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Whether it is going on a road trip or flying to another country on vacation, you want to share the experience with your best friend. Dogs do not just make great companions at home, they are also wonderful travel buddies. Unlike humans, they do not complain or make you change plans, which is why you should rather plan a trip with your canine buddy. Here are some dog breeds that make amazing travel partners.

  1. Chihuahua
    These dogs are travel size, no larger than a regular utilities bag. Given their size, Chihuahuas do not take a lot of space, so all you will need is a small carrier. They also do not need large quantities of food, which gives you the freedom to travel light.
  2. Beagle
    These adorable medium-sized dogs are a lot of fun to travel with. They are loyal and energetic, so you will not get bored during the trip. Beagles also have a great sense of direction and always shadow their owners, so you do not have to worry about your pet wandering off.
  3. Labrador Retriever
    These large, cuddly dogs love adventure as much as they love their humans. Although your Labrador cannot fit into a small carrier, they are still rearing to follow you anywhere. These dogs are obedient and loyal, so you never have to worry about your Labrador misbehaving during the trip.
  4. Pomeranian
    These fuzzy cuties are amazing travel companions because of their no-nonsense attitude. They are well-behaved as they are adorable. Pomeranians are small and non-fussy dogs, so you can take them anywhere.
  5. Dachshund
    These adorable wiener dogs make journeys a lot more interesting because they love exercise and adventure. Dachshunds are small and low-maintenance dogs, but they can sometimes get annoyed by children or strangers. It is best to keep this fellow inside his carrier during the journey.
  6. Poodle
    It is no secret that Poodles are high-maintenance dogs, but that does not mean they do not enjoy adventure. These dogs come in different sizes, so make sure you have appropriate travel plans in place. Poodles are smart and obedient dogs, so you do not have to worry about a stressful trip with these canines.
  7. German Shepherd
    German Shepherds are one of the larger breeds of dogs out there, so you will not be able to squeeze one into a small carrier on a plane. These intelligent dogs are extremely loyal and hardworking. They are always eager to please, which makes them very easy to train. German Shepherds are not easily excitable, which means you can enjoy a peaceful trip.

Your dog loves you and would want to follow you everywhere you go. Why not share your wanderlust with your canine best friend and take him along on your next trip?!

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7 Dog Breeds that are likely to have Health Problems

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Dogs make excellent companions. They are loyal, affectionate, playful, and hardworking. Besides these perks of owning a dog, you also face a lot of expenses. Dog food, toys, accessories, daycare appointments, and grooming are the most common expenses a dog owner faces. There is, however, another rather expensive aspect of owning a dog – vet bills.

Just like humans, dogs are prone to various illnesses. And since they are our best friends, we would like to provide them with the best care possible. While annual vaccinations and check-ups are already quite expensive, chronic health complaints can shoot vet bills through the roof.

Certain dog breeds are more susceptible to health problems to others. It is in their genetics. Here are seven dog breeds that are known to have the most health problems.

  1. Labrador Retriever
    This breed has been voted the most popular breed in the US, but that does not exempt it from being prone to illnesses. Labradors are susceptible to various health problems that can eventually give them a reduced lifespan. The most common health issues include bone disorders such as hip or shoulder dysplasia and arthritis, cancers, muscular dystrophy, gastric torsion, diabetes, retinal dysplasia, and cataracts.
  2. German Shepherd
    Although a stocky large breed, German Shepherds are commonly affected by conditions such as elbow and hip dysplasia, cataracts, dermatitis, cardiomyopathy, spinal cord disease, cancers, and skin allergies. Most of these conditions are caused due to inbreeding or improper breeding practices to produce purebred puppies.
  3. Rottweiler
    Rottweilers are one of the strongest breeds of dogs, but they are prone to bone disorders like elbow and hip dysplasia, osteochondrosis, arthritis, and bone cancer. Other common health problems include epilepsy, cataracts, and heart disease.
  4. Poodle
    Poodles come in different variations, but they are all equally prone to various illnesses such as glaucoma, cataracts, retinal atrophy, epilepsy, kneecap dislocation, bone degeneration, and heart conditions. These dogs, however, have a longer life expectancy compared to other breeds.
  5. Saint Bernard
    These giant dogs have a relatively short lifespan of about 9 years, which is about half the life expectancy of smaller breeds like Pomeranians and Chihuahuas. Saint Bernards are prone to cardiomyopathy, arthritis, osteochondritis, elbow and hip dysplasia, diabetes, gastric torsion, dermatitis, and epilepsy.
  6. Golden Retriever
    Almost as popular as the Labrador, these long-haired dogs commonly suffer from cancers, elbow or hip dysplasia, cataracts, cardiomyopathy, retinal atrophy, gastric torsion, epilepsy, and dermatitis.
  7. Bulldog
    This breed is a result of genetic manipulation, which has resulted in these dogs being prone to a lot more health issues compared to others. They have brachycephalic or “flat-nosed” faces, which makes them vulnerable to congenital conditions like elongated soft palate, collapsed nostrils, and breathing problems. They are also prone to hip dysplasia, heart conditions, and arthritis.

Before you choose the type of dog you want to welcome into your home, consult with a dog expert or veterinarian so you can understand possible healthcare treatments and expenses. The more aware you are, the better chances you give your dog of living a healthier, happier life.

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Things to take care while taking your dog to work

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For many dogs and their owners alike, separation from their best buddies during the office working hours can be emotionally quite taxing. But today, more and more workplaces are becoming far more understanding. By throwing open their doors to welcome in our adorable pooches, pet friendly offices offer a great bonus for dog lovers.

But while enjoying this benefit, owners also have to ensure that neither work, nor their co-workers suffer as a result. Here are some things to take care while taking canines to work:

Before setting out

The first thing to ensure is that your dog is properly house-broken and toilet-trained. He should listen to you and unfailingly respond to all basic commands. To ensure his own safety as well as that of people and other pets he might interact with, Fido should be clean, well-groomed, healthy and up-to-date on all his vaccinations. Also, some people are allergic to dog fur or dander. It is always better to talk to them before bringing your dog to work.

Comb the office environment thoroughly for anything that might be a health hazard for your beloved pet. Loose cords and wires, an easily accessible rubbish bin or even stray office supplies lying on the floor that your pet may chew on can be a potential threat. The need for properly dog-proofing your desk cannot be over emphasized!

Before the two of you set out for office, pack all the things that your dog might need for the day – bed and blanket, water and food bowls, leashes, chew toys, puzzle toys, food, treats and poop bags. It is also a good idea to carry paper towels and pet stain removers in case of any accidents.
But despite all these precautions, if Fido is very uncomfortable and shy around strangers or if he is aggressive towards them, it is best to avoid taking him to the office. He might not take well to the overwhelming array of new people and environment that he meets at the workplace!

At the office

Always ensure the safety and comfort of your pet pal. Give him sufficient food and water, take him on sufficiently spaced out toilet and exercise breaks, give toys to keep him occupied as you work and reward calm behavior. But always be ready for distractions and have a backup plan ready in case he is upset, worried or misbehaving. Also, it is not a good idea to leave Fido unattended at office. You can always ask for help from your trusted co-workers in case of an emergency.

Some people may be afraid or uncomfortable around dogs, however friendly they might be. Make sure that your dog respects the boundaries of your co-workers. Also ensure that the colleagues respect the rules that you set down for your pet. They should not give him treats while you are not looking or accidentally encourage misbehavior.

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How to Groom your Pet without Breaking your Bank?

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As a pet owner, you want only the best for your four-legged baby. You also want your cat or dog looking and feeling their best at all times. Most pet owners invest in professional groomers. These experts will have your pet looking clean and fabulous. The only downside to hiring a professional groomer is that they can be rather expensive, especially if your pet requires regular grooming.

While pet grooming requires some expertise, you can save a lot of money by grooming your own pets. After a few tries, you will become an expert at taking care of your pet’s grooming needs. Here are some steps you can follow at home to keep your pet neat and groomed without going to the professionals.

Brushing
While cats are well-equipped with their own grooming tools, dogs may need some help. But that should not stop you from pampering your cat with some thorough brushing sessions. Dogs and cats come in short-haired and long-haired breeds. Keep their coats clean and free of dead fur by thoroughly brushing them at least two times a week using pet combs and brushes. This helps evenly spread natural oils through their fur, prevents matting, and acts as a wonderful bonding experience between you and your pet. You can also trim your pet’s hair at home, but if you want a fancy hairstyle, you should probably call a professional.

Bathing
You know your pet’s temperament better than anyone else, which is why you are the best person to bathe them. While some animals may find bathing an unpleasant experience, you can ease the process with treats and praises. Bathing your dog or cat helps keep their fur and skin clean. Never use a human shampoo on your pet. Buy a specific shampoo from the groomer that is well suited for your pet’s coat. Make sure the water is luke-warm. After the bath, use a clean towel to dry off your pet. You could use a blow dryer too as long as it does not startle or scare the animal.

Nail trimming
Long nails can be dangerous, especially on a cat. Keep your pet’s nails neatly trimmed using a pet nail clipper. It is easier to cut white nails as you can see the quick or vein underneath the nail. If your pet has dark-colored nails, only remove a little from the tip. In the beginning, your pet will resist having its nails clipped because it does not understand what is going on. Calm him or her down with praises and pets so they realize it is not an unpleasant experience.

Grooming your pet can be a great bonding experience, but it can initially confuse and scare the animal. Pamper your pet after so they feel loved and realize that grooming is not so bad after all. Follow these tips and you can save a lot of money by not hiring professional groomers.

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How To Give Your Dog A Proper Bath

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Giving your dog a bath is not exactly the easiest thing to do. Our naughty canines often love staying dirty and may do anything to stay away from a wash! But as baths are essential to maintaining the Fido’s health as well as ours, we have to find ways to coax him into it. Here is how to give your dog a proper doggie bath:

Make it fun
Training during puppy days will help Fido used to a bath. Make bath time a positive experience. Familiarize the pup with the bath area and spend time together there much before giving him a wash. Offer words of affection, toys and treats as rewards for coming to the area when called and also when he cooperates with you during a bath. Talk in a soothing and loving voice as you wash him.

Safety first
If your dog has matted or tangled hair, brush it out before the bath. Clip his nails so that he doesn’t accidentally scratch you if he panics. Bath tubs can be pretty slippery and can make your pet pooch uncomfortable. Hold him while he gets his bath so that he feels safe and steady or have someone else whom he trusts do it for you. The water should be comfortably warm. Choose a mild dog soap or shampoo that won’t irritate or dry out your dog’s skin or strip his coat of essential oils that keep his fur soft and shiny.

Fido’s eyes and ears are delicate. So protect them while he is washed down. Spilling water into the ear canals is an absolute no-no as it is the fastest way to a nasty infection. If possible, put cotton balls in his ear to prevent this and be extremely careful while washing the head. Another potential problem is shampoo getting into his eyes. To avoid this, do not lather the shampoo anywhere near the eyes.

Rinse right
Before applying soap or shampoo, make sure that your dog is soaked through. Lather well and after remove all traces of it by rinsing Fido thoroughly from neck down to the legs. Do not pour water directly over his head. It is best to wipe his face and head with a soft damp cloth. But if it is necessary to wash his head do this gently after tilting his chin up. This way all the water will drain down backwards over the neck.

Dry right
Though effective, blow driers can scare your pet or if too hot, it can hurt him. Another way to get him dry is to use an absorbent towel. To avoid tangles, make sure to just pat dry and not rub it in. Remove the cotton ear plugs and clean the ears well.

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Are Dogs Smarter than Cats?

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Since the dawn of animal domestication, there has been a perennial argument. Who is smarter, dogs or cats? If you put a dog owner and a cat owner inside a locked room, there is bound to be a quarrel. It is one of the easiest ways to initiate an argument. It appears that everyone has an opinion on the matter, but is there some kind of evidence that tips the scale in favor of either species?

Science has an answer
While cats have always been known to be more shrewd and cunning compared to dogs, a recent study has revealed some rather surprising results. Researchers gathered from six universities in South Africa, Brazil, Denmark, and the US to bring an end to the age-old debate. Their findings are published in the journal Frontiers in Neuroanatomy. And, the winner is…?

The research revealed that dogs possess more than twice the amount of neurons in their brains compared to cats, which makes them twice as smart and intelligent. Suzana Herculano-Houzel, a noted neurologist and one of the authors of the study, has spent many years researching cognitive function in both animals and humans. For precise measurements, she counted the number of special nerve cells found in the brain known as neurons. These cells are responsible for message transmission from the brain to the rest of the body.

Dr. Herculano-Houzel said, “Neurons are the basic information processing units. The more units you find in the brain, the more cognitively capable the animal is.” During the research, her team used only the cerebral cortex of the brain, the part that is responsible for problem solving, decision making, and other functions.

To estimate the number of neurons dogs and cats typically have, three brains were used – one each from a small mixed-breed dog, a golden retriever, and a cat. They needed two brains from dogs because this species has breeds of various sizes. The study showed that despite different sizes, the dogs’ brains had more than 500 million neurons, while the cat’s brain had only 250 million. This result concluded that dogs are as intelligent as lions and raccoons while the intelligence of a domestic cat matches that of a bear.

What does this tell us?
To put it simply, science has confirmed that dogs are indeed smarter than cats. This news might be hard to swallow for some cat lovers, but you cannot deny scientific evidence. Dr. Herculano-Houzel believes that researching different species and their brains can teach us a valuable lesson. She says, “Diversity is enormous. Not every species is made the same way. Yes, there are recognizable patterns, but there are multiple ways that nature has found of putting brains together – and we are trying to figure out what difference that makes.”

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